NET Commerce Syllabus

UGC NET Commerce Syllabus 
Topics and Chapters

UNIT – I

Business Environment 

  • Meaning and Elements of Business Environment.
  • Economic environment, Economic Policies, Economic Planning.
  • Legal Environment of Business in India, Competition policy, Consumer protection, Environment protection.

Policy Environment 
  • Liberalization Privatisation and globalization, Second generation reforms, Industrial policy, and implementation. Industrial growth and structural changes.

Unit – II 

Financial & Management Accounting 

Basic Accounting concepts, Capital and Revenue, Financial statements.

Partnership Accounts – Admission, Retirement, Death, Dissolution, and Cash Distribution.

Advanced Company Accounts –  Issue, forfeiture, Purchase of Business, Liquidation, Valuation of shares, Amalgamation, Absorption, and Reconstruction, Holding Company Accounts.

Cost and Management Accounting –Ratio Analysis, Funds Flow Analysis, Cash Flow Analysis, Marginal costing, and Break-even analysis, Standard costing, -Budgetary control, Costing for decision-making Responsibility accounting.

Unit – III 

Business Economics 

  • Nature and uses of Business Economics, Concept of Profit and Wealth Maximization. Demand Analysis and Elasticity of Demand, Indifference Curve Analysis,  Law.
  • Utility Analysis and Laws of Returns and Law of variable proportions.
Cost, Revenue, Price determination in different market situations – Perfect competition, Monopolistic competition, Monopoly, Price discrimination and Oligopoly, Pricing strategies.

Unit-IV 

Business Statistics & Data Processing 

  • Data types, Data collection, and analysis, sampling, need, errors, and methods of sampling, Normal distribution, Hypothesis testing, Analysis, and Interpretation of Data.
Correlation and Regression, small sample tests – t-test, F-test, and chi-square test.



Data processing – Elements, Data entry, Data processing, and Computer applications.

Computer Application to Functional Areas – Accounting, Inventory control, Marketing.

Unit – V 

Business Management 

  • Principles of Management.
  • Planning: Objectives, Strategies, Planning process, Decision-making.
  • Organizing, Organisational structure, Formal and Informal organizations, Organisational culture.
  • Staffing
  • Leading: Motivation, Leadership, Committees, Communication.
  • Controlling
  • Corporate Governance and Business Ethics.
Unit – VI 

Marketing Management 

  • The evolution of marketing, Concepts of marketing, Marketing mix, Marketing environment.
  • Consumer behavior, Market Segmentation.
  • Product decisions
  • Pricing decisions
  • Distribution decisions
  • Promotion decisions
  • Marketing planning, Organising, and Control.
Unit – VII 

Financial Management 
  • Capital Structure, Financial and Operating leverage.
  • Cost of capital, Capital budgeting.
  • Working capital management
  • Dividend Policy
Unit – VIII 

Human Resources Management 

  • Concepts, Role, and Functions of Human Resource management.
  • Human Resource Planning, Recruitment, and Selection.
  • Training and Development, Succession Planning.
  • Compensation: Wage and Salary Administration, Incentive and Fringe benefits, Morale, and Productivity.
  • Performance Appraisal
  • Industrial Relations in India, Health, Safety, Welfare, and Social security, Workers Participation in Management.
Unit – IX 

Banking and Financial Institution 

  • Importance of Banking to Business, Types of Banks and Their Functions, Reserve Bank of India, NABARD and Rural Banking.
  • Banking Sector Reform in India, NPA, Capital adequacy norms.
  • E-banking
  • Development Banking: IDBI, IFCI, SFCs, UTI, SIDBI.
Unit – X 

International Business 

  • Theoretical foundations of international business, Balance of Payments.
  • International liquidity, International Economic Institutions: IMF, World Bank IFC, IDA, ADB.
  • World Trade Organisation-its functions and policies.
  • Structure of Indias foreign trade: Composition and direction, EXIM Bank, EXIM Policy of India, Regulation, and promotion of Foreign Trade.

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