NET Criminology Syllabus
Unit – I
UGC NET Criminology: Definition and Scope, Criminology and other Social Sciences; Legal, Social and Psychological Aspects of Crime; Traditional Crimes – Crimes against Property and Person;
Modern Crimes: Organized Crimes, Socio-Economic Crimes, Corruption, Cyber Crimes, Environmental Crimes, Terrorism and Insurgency; Crime and Politics.
Unit – II
Criminological thought in Ancient India and Abroad; Classical School and Neoclassical School; Positive School; Cartographic School; Sociological Theories – Social Structural Theories and Social Process Theories; Economic Theories of Crime; Critical Criminology / Radical Criminology / Labelling perspective.
Unit – III
Constitutional Theories: Body Types, Hereditary Traits, Endocrine Glands; Behaviourist Theories: Drives, Motives, Attitudes, Frustrations; Psycho-analytical Theories; Psychopathic Personality; Mental Health and Criminal Liability; Application of Psychology in Police, Courts, and Corrections.
Unit – IV
Criminological Research: Importance and Types; Research Questions and Hypotheses; Research Design; Sampling, Data Collection, Data Analysis, Interpretation and Report Writing; Statistical Application in Criminological Research; Sources of Crime Statistics in India and Crime Trends.
Unit – V
Social Change, Social Disorganization and Social Problems; Victimless Crimes: Alcoholism, Drug Addiction, Beggary, Commercial Sex, Suicide; Family-centered Crimes: Dowry, Domestic Violence, Child Abuse; Community Problems: Inter – religion and Inter-caste tensions and conflicts.
Unit – VI
Juvenile Delinquency: Concept and Causes; Pre – delinquency stages: Truancy and Vagrancy; U.N. Standard Minimum Rules for Juvenile Justice ( Beijing Rules ); Main Features of Juvenile Justice Act; Institutional Services: Observation Homes, Juvenile Homes, Special Homes, and fit Institutions; Juvenile Aftercare Services.www.netugc.com
Unit – VII
History and Theories of Punishment: Historical Development from Punishment to Correction and Reformation, Prison Reform since Independence; Types of Punishment – Simple and rigorous imprisonment – Capital Punishment – Views of Abolitionists and Retentionists; Current problems and challenges in Prison Administration; Indeterminate and Determinate sentence.
Unit – VIII
Prison System in India; Correctional Programs in Jails; Aftercare Services for Adult and Juvenile Offenders; Probation, Parole – Concept and Historical Development, Probation under Different Laws.
Unit – IX
Legal Approaches: Accustorical and Inquisitorial; Substantive and Procedural Laws – Criminal Liability, Strict Liability; Indian Penal Code – General Exceptions, Offences Against Property; Criminal Procedure Code; Cognizable and Non – Cognizable offenses, Bailable and non – bailable, Compoundable and non – compoundable offenses; Investigation of Crimes; Complaint, F.I.R., Powers of Police Officers, Arrest, Search, Seizure, Police Custody, Judicial Remand, and Bail; Types of Evidence, Admissibility of Confession, Dying declaration; Rights of accused, Rights of victims, Rights of women in custody, Rights of prisoners.
Unit – X
Victimology: Concept, Origin and Development, Need to Study Victims, Victim Typology, Role of Victim in Criminal Phenomenon – Victim Precipitation; U.N. Declaration on the Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power; Victims Rights – Fair Access to Justice, Restitution, Compensation, and Assistance; Victim Compensation Schemes in India; Human Rights – Protection of Human Rights Act.