UGC NET Indian Culture Syllabus
- Foreign Accounts
2. Early Human Settlements in India
- Pre – and protohistoric cultures, Rise of Indias main language families Indo – Aryans, Dravidians, and others.
- Indus Civilization – general characteristics.
- Vedic culture: Veda and Vedangas, political institutions, social and economic conditions, religious practices, and ideas.
3. Age of Religious Movements and the Mauryan Empire
Religious, social and economic conditions, political institutions, Mauryan culture, polity, economy, art and architecture, Asoka-his edicts, and Dhamma.
Sangam Age: Literature, society, economy.
4. Sunga, Satavahana and Kushan Era
New trends in art, literature, and religion, Stupa, rock-cut architecture, sculpture, economy, coinage, growth of urban centers, routes, trade and commerce, social life and thought; Literature, Dharmashastra, Natyashastra, Kamasutra, Ayurveda, Panchatantra; Religious Systems and Sects-Hindu, Buddhist and Jain.
5. Age of Guptas, Vakatakas and Pallavas
Literature, education and sciences, religion, society, polity, economy, architecture, sculpture, and painting; Cultural contacts with the outside world.
6. Early Medieval Period
Legacies of classical ideas and patterns and development of new trends in Indian society and thought; Temple styles – Nagara, Vesara and Dravida; Vedanta-Sankara, Ramanuja; Bhakti, Pauranic religion, Tantra, literature, society, polity, feudalism. Efflorescence of Indian cultural contacts; Islam in India; Alberuni on India.
7. Sultanate Period
Indo – Islamic architecture, regional styles, religious and philosophic developments; Islamic influence on Indian society and culture; Muslim interest in Indian classics; Acharya traditions, Bhakti; Sufism in India; Literary developments-Sanskrit, Persian and regional languages; Cultural contributions of Vijayanagara empire.
8. Mughal India
Social conditions; Akbar and his policies, Persian literature, Abul Fazl, Dara Shukoh, Growth of Vaishnava Bhakti, Sikhism; Mughal architecture and painting; Regional styles of painting; Classical Indian Music including pre – Mughal antecedents; Development of Hindi and Urdu literature; Sawai Jai Singhs astronomical contributions. Arrival and spread of Christianity, European studies of India – William Jones and Fort William College, Asiatic Society; Influence of Christian Missionaries.
9. Impact of Western Ideas and Indian Responses
Indian education and press; Bengal Renaissance, Reform movements in Bengal and other regions – women, education and social evils, administrative measures for social reforms ( 1828 – 1857 ). Indian Nationalism – rise, salient features and its cultural expressions with special reference to literature, art and education, Gandhian ideas. Indian culture since Independence; Tradition and modernity.
10. Indian Culture Studies
Indian Classics Objectivity and Bias; relationship with ancillary disciplines; Modern writings on Indian culture; Heritage of India and worlds debt to Indian culture.