NET Political Science Syllabus

NET Political Science Syllabus

Unit – 1: Political Theory

Concepts
  • Liberty, Equality, Justice, Rights, Democracy, Power, Citizenship,
  • Political Traditions
  • Liberalism
  • Conservatism
  • Socialism
  • Marxism
  • Feminism
  • Ecologism
  • Multiculturalism
  • Postmodernism
Unit – 2: Political Thought

Confucius, Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Hegel, Mary Wollstonecraft, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt, Frantz Fanon, Mao Zedong, John Rawls

Unit – 3: Indian Political Thought

Dharamshastra, Kautilya, Aggannasutta, Barani, Kabir, Pandita Ramabai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Swami Vivekanand, Rabindranath Tagore, M.K Gandhi, Sri Aurobindo, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Muhammad Iqbal, M.N.Roy, V D Savarkar, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, J L Nehru, Ram Manohar Lohia, Jaya Prakash Narayan, Deendayal Upadhyaya

Unit – 4: Comparative Political Analysis

  • Approaches: Institutional, Political Culture, Political Economy and New Institutionalism; Comparative Methods
  • Colonialism and decolonization: forms of colonialism, anti-colonial struggles and decolonization
  • Nationalism: European and non-European.
  • State theory: the debate over the nature of the state in capitalist and socialist societies; post-colonial state; welfare state; globalization and nations-states
  • Political regimes: democratic (Electoral, Liberal, Majoritarian and Participatory) and non-democratic regimes (Patrimonialism,
  • Bureaucratic authoritarianism, Military dictatorship, Totalitarianism, and fascist).
  • Constitutions and Constitutionalism: forms of constitutions, rule of law, judicial independence and liberal constitutionalism; emergency powers and the crisis of constitutionalism.
  • Democratization: democratic transition and consolidation.
  • Development: Underdevelopment, Dependency, Modernization, World Systems Theory, development, and democracy.
  • Structures of Power: the ruling class, power elites, democratic elitism
  • Actor and Processes: Electoral Systems, Political Parties, and Party System, Interest groups, Social movements, new social movements, Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and civil society campaigns; Revolutions.
Unit – 5: International Relations

  • Approaches to the study of International relations: Idealism, Realism, Structural Marxism, Neoliberalism, Neorealism, Social Constructivism, Critical International Theory, Feminism, Postmodernism.
  • Concepts: State, state system and non-state actors, Power, Sovereignty, Security: traditional and non- traditional.
  • Conflict and Peace: Changing Nature of Warfare; Weapons of mass destruction; deterrence; conflict resolution, conflict transformation.
  • United Nations: Aims, Objectives, Structure, and Evaluation of the Working of UN; Peace and Development perspectives; Humanitarian intervention. International law; International Criminal Court
  • Political Economy of IR; Globalisation; Global governance and Bretton Woods system, North-South Dialogue, WTO, G-20, BRICS.
  • Regional Organisations: European Union, African Union, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, ASEAN.
  • Contemporary Challenges: International terrorism, Climate change, and Environmental Concerns, Human Rights, Migration and Refugees; Poverty and Development; Role of Religion, Culture and Identity Politics.
Unit – 6: Indias Foreign Policy

  • Perspectives on Indias Foreign Policy: Indias Identity as postcolonial, development, rising power, and as emerging political economy
  • Continuity and change in Indias Foreign Policy: Principles and determinants; Non-Alignment movement: historical background and relevance of Non-Aligned Movement; Indias Nuclear Policy
  • Indias relations with major powers: the USA, USSR/Russia, Peoples Republic of China
  • Indias Engagement with the multipolar world: Indias relations with the European Union, BRICS, ASEAN, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, African Union, Southern African Development Community, Gulf Cooperation Council
  • Indias relations with the neighbourhood: SAARC, Gujaral doctrine, Look East/ Act East, Look West
  • Indias Negotiation Strategies in International Regimes: The United Nations, World Trade Organisation, International Monetary Fund, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
  • Contemporary challenges: maritime security, energy security, environmental security, migrants and refugees, water resources, international terrorism, cybersecurity.
Unit – 7: Political Institutions in India

  • Making of the Indian Constitution: Colonialism heritage and the contribution Indian National Movement to the making of the Indian Constitution
  • Constituent Assembly: Composition, Ideological Moorings, Constitutional Debates
  • Philosophy of the Constitution: Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles
  • Union Executive: President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
  • Union Parliament: Structure, Role, and Functioning, Parliamentary Committees
  • Judiciary: Supreme Court, High Court, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism, Judicial Reform
  • Executive and Legislature in the States: Governor, Chief Minister, State Legislature
  • Federalism in India: Strong Centre Framework, Asymmetrical Federal Provisions, and Adaption, Role of Intergovernmental Coordination Mechanisms, Inter-State Council, Emerging Trends
  • Electoral Process and Election Commission of India: Conduct of Elections, Rules, Electoral Reforms
  • Local Government Institutions: Functioning and reforms
  • Constitutional and Statutory Bodies: Comptroller and Auditor General, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Human Rights, National Commission for Women, National Commission for Minorities.

Unit – 8: Political Processes in India

  • State, Economy, and Development: Nature of Indian State, Development Planning model, New Economic Policy, Growth, and Human Development.
  • Process of globalization: social and economic implications.
  • Identity Politics: Religion, Tribe, Caste, Region, Language.
  • Social Movements: Dalit, Tribal, Women, Farmers, labor
  • Civil Society Groups: Non-Party Social Formations, Non-Governmental Organisations, Social Action Groups.
  • Regionalization of Indian Politics: Reorganisation of Indian States, States as Political and Economic Units, Sub-State Regions, Regional disparities, Demand for the New States,
  • Gender and Politics in India: Issues of Equality and Representation.
  • Ideology and Social basis of Political Parties: National Parties, State Parties.
  • Electoral Politics: Participation, Contestation, Representation, Emerging trends.

Unit – 9 : Public Administration

  • Public Administration: meaning and evolution; public and private administration
  • Approaches: System Theory, Decision Making, Ecological Approach
  • Public administration theories and concepts: Scientific Management Theory, Rational Choice theory, New Public Administration, Development Administration,
  • Comparative Public Administration, New Public Management, changing nature of Public Administration in the era of liberalization and Globalisation
  • Theories and Principles of Organization: Scientific Management Theory, Bureaucratic Theory, Human Relations Theory
  • Managing the organization: Theories of leadership and motivation.
  • Organizational Communication: Theories and Principles, Chester Bernard Principles of Communication, Information Management in the organization
  • Managing Conflict in the Organization: Mary Parker Follett
  • Management by Objectives- Peter Drucker

Unit – 10: Governance and Public Policy in India

  • Governance, good governance, and democratic governance, the role of the state, civil society and individuals.
  • Accountability and control: Institutional mechanism for checks and balances, legislative control over the executive, administrative and budgetary control, control through parliamentary committees, judicial control over legislature and executive, administrative culture, corruption, and administrative reforms
  • Institutional mechanisms for good governance: Right to Information, Consumer Protection Act, Citizen Charter; Grievance redress system: Ombudsman, Lokpal, Lokayukta
  • Grassroots Governance: Panchayati Raj Institutions and their functioning
  • Planning and Development: Decentralised planning, planning for development, sustainable development, participatory development, e-governance; NITI Aayog
  • Public policy as an instrument of socio-economic development: public policies with special reference to housing, health, drinking water, food security, MNREGA, NHRM, RTE
  • Monitoring and evaluation of public policy; mechanisms of making governance process accountable: jansunwai, social audit

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